What is DNA Fingerprinting and How is it Used?

Basically, DNA fingerprinting is a systematic method that is used in identifying an individual from a DNA sample. Many refer to it as generic fingerprinting. Over the years it has been used for the sole purpose of identification through the use of biological samples like hair, semen, and blood through unique patterns in the DNA.

In the year 1984, a British scientist name Alec Jefferys elaborated on the DNA fingerprinting, back then he used a technique that was focused on the sequence in a DNA sample and he later referred to it as minisatellites, because they contain patterns that look very much alike. But he was not able to figure out the functions of these repeating patterns back then.

The sequence the DNA of every individual on the planet is unique, with the exception of twins that are identical. Today, there are several DNA methods that are available, which uses either (RFLP) or (PCR) that focus on the different sections of the DNA especially the repeating polymorphic region. You can learn more about how else it has been used in the medical field here.

The chances of identifying a person through the use of a DNA sample depends to a large extent on the repeating sequence that is tested as well as its size. Forensic scientists have used DNA fingerprinting in probing a particular part of the DNA that is common in all humans. This thus eliminates the possibility of a contamination by external sources from plants, insect, bacteria, fungus and other sources.

 

The use of DNA fingerprinting today

In recent years, the use of DNA sampling has become popular. Next, we are going to look at some area it is been used.

FORENSIC

No doubt, you might have seen in various TV shows and movies, DNA fingerprinting can be used to identify a criminal through the use of a very little amount of the DNA that is probably found on a crime scene. DNA fingerprinting can also be used to exonerate people who have been jailed innocently for a crime that they did not commit. DNA fingerprinting can also be used in identifying a corpse that is decaying.

IDENTIFICATION

From time to time, cases pop up here and there, probably to determine if two people are related. DNA fingerprinting is the answer to this because it can provide very detailed and accurate data in no time. Even more, it can be used to establish the relationship between two people especially cases of inheritance.  DNA fingerprinting has also made it possible for family members who have been separated by war or natural disaster to locate their siblings as well as their parents.

MEDICINE

DNA fingerprinting is also applicable in the medical field, especially in identifying genetic matches for marrow and organ donation. Recently doctors are now using DNA fingerprinting as a tool for crafting personalized treatment for patients suffering from cancer.  One time, DNA fingerprinting was used to determine if a sample has been labelled properly.

AGRICULTURE

DNA fingerprinting has played a major part in the growth of the agricultural industry. It has basically been used in identifying and modifying heritage plant or plants that have very high therapeutic value. It has also been used to determine how valuable certain animals are. For example, it can be used to determine if racehorse is worth investing in.

In all, DNA testing has played a major role in making comparisons, development as well as treatment. A blood sample is preferred when it comes to DNA sampling and it is has been the best way to determine if two people are a good match genetically and also to establish the relationship between two people.

Why public liability insurance is so important

Although public liability insurance is not a legal requirement for many businesses, your client may not start a venture with you unless you have a public liability insurance cover.  As a matter of fact, your client’s contract with you may specify that you need to have coverage for the possible damages to the client during the contract period.  Having the cover also establishes your credibility among your clients and they would carry out business with you without worrying about the damages and legal issues that they may need to initiate against you in such events.

 

Public liability insurance Singapore is something you should have if your business requires you to interact with members of the public, because if you accidentally damage someone’s property while carrying out your business or a visitor injures himself or herself within your office premise, you will have to pay a hefty fine, which may include legal costs as well.  These costs can run into thousands or more, and if you are running a small business then these additional financial liabilities can put an end to your business.  However, if you have the cover, all the expenses will be taken care of by your insurer.

 

Irrespective of the nature of injury or damage, someone can always file a compensation claim against you.  The accident could be very simple in nature, like you or one of your employees spilling coffee on your client’s system, or it could be a serious one that could severely hamper your business and reputation.  However, this can be avoided if the claims are settled in an amicable manner, and public liability insurance deals with all such claims, whether the incident is small or serious in nature.

 

The consequences of such incidents and the resulting financial costs can jeopardize your personal and financial growth if you try to defend the compensation claims without insurance.  Public liability insurance also protects your employees, for example an injury caused to a visitor or a client because of your employee would also be covered, and the negligence on the part of the employee will not hamper your business either.

 

Public liability insurance helps you grow your business, which can otherwise be hindered by these unnecessary financial burdens due to liability claims, especially if your business involves a lot of public interaction.  Hence, to avoid uncertain expenses and carry out your business without any hassle, it is advisable to buy public liability insurance and get yourself covered against public claims.